Kamis, 14 Oktober 2010

PASSIVE VOICE/KALIMAT PASIF (2)

               Active tenses and their passive equivalents in a word 'write'.
           Tenses kalimat aktif dan pasif-nya yang setara dalam kata 'menulis'.
          (bare verb: write. V-1, write/writes. V-2: wrote. V-3: written, V-ing: writing) 
Tenses/Verb form
Active Voice
Passive Voice
Simple present
…writes/does/do…
…is written…
Interrogatives
Do/Does…?
Am/Are/Is…?
Present continuous
…is/am/are writing…
is/am/are being written
Simple past
…wrote…
…was/were written…
Interrogatives
Did..?
Was/Were…?
Past continuous
…was/were writing…
…was/were being written…
Present perfect
…has/have written..
…has/have been written…
Past perfect
…had written…
....had been written...
Future simple
…will write…
...will  be written...
Conditional
..would write…
...would be written...
Perfect conditional
…would have written…
...would have been written...
Present infinitive
…to write…
...to be written...
Perfect infinitive
…to have written…
...to have been written...
Present perfect/gerund
…writing…
...being written...
Present participle
...having written...
...having been written...

Mengenai perubahan dari kalimat pasif menjadi kalimat aktif, jika pada kalimat pasif itu tidak disebutkan pelakunya, maka pada kalimat aktif subjek itu muncul dengan sendirinya yaitu 'people' atau 'someone'.
  1. D. Interrogatives
    1. Did Koko write two poems last Sunday?
    2. Apakah Koko menulis dua buah puisi Ahad yang lalu?
    3. Were two poems written by Koko last Sunday?
    4. Apakah dua buah puisi ditulis oleh Koko Ahad yang lalu?
  1. E. Past Continuous
    1. Anton was writing some letters yesterday morning.
    2. Anton sedang menulis beberapa surat kemarin pagi.
    3. Some letters were being written by Anton yesterday morning.
    4. Beberapa surat sedang ditulis oleh oelh Anton kemarin pagi.
  1. F. Present perfect
    1. Dinda has written six books up to now.
    2. Dinda sudah menulis enam buku sampai saat ini.
    3. Six books have been written by Dinda up to now.
    4. Enam buku telah ditulis oleh Dinda sampai saat ini.
  1. G. Past perfect
    1. Rona had written two novels when she entered university two years ago.
    2. Rona telah menulis dua novel ketika dia masuk Universitas dua tahun yang lalu.
    3. Two novels had been written by Rona when she entered university two years ago.
    4. Dua novel telah ditulis oleh Rona ketika dia masuk Universitas dua tahun yang lalu.

Tidak ada komentar:

Poskan Komentar